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Learn English with news

hi everybody welcome to current events in English a series where we talk about something currently happening in the world something happening now and we learned some vocabulary words and how to talk about it in English in this episode we’re going to talk about world cup the world cup soccer or World Cup football a very popular sporting event that is happening right now as we’re filming this so today I’m going to introduce some vocabulary words and we’re going to talk a little bit about how to explain the world cup to someone so let’s begin with a quick reading of some text that shares a little bit about what the world cup is and then

we’ll talk about some key vocabulary words so let’s take a look you’ll see our key vocabulary words in bold in this text okay let’s get started first the world cup refers to the FIFA World Cup a soccer tournament held once every four years the main tournament is played over about a month but prior to that is a qualification phase teams play in qualifiers to determine which teams will advance the 32 teams which pass the qualifying rounds play in the main tournament called the world cup finals
As the tournament progresses fewer and fewer teams remain from the original 32 teams16 teams advance from that a final 8 is determined the final 8 play in the quarterfinals and determine teams for the semi-finals the last four teams the final round of the tournament determines the champion during the tournament players aim to score goals but not every game ends with a clear win a tie game or draw may result penalties like red cards and yellow cards help determine which team moves forward in these cases okay so having read the text looking at the text now let’s go back over this introduction and look at some key words some key expressions that are used to explain the World Cup so here in the first sentence we saw the World Cup refers to the FIFA World Cup a soccer tournament held once every four years
so the tournament is a keyword for understanding the World Cup tournament is a contest some kind of competition so be careful depending on your language tournament might have the nuance might have the meaning of competition or it might not when we use the word tournament in English it means contest it means competition there are other teams or other players fighting to become the best at something so in this case we see a soccer tournament it’s a contest but the tournament is used for competitions specifically okay so we see tournament again in the next sentence the main tournament is played over about a month
So in other words, the main tournament takes about a month to play so there’s a specific time period that we play it and we play in that duration but prior to that so prior means before prior to that prior to that means the main tournament that here means the main tournament so prior to before the main tournament is a qualification phase let’s read the next sentence first and then I’ll explain some more details so teams play in qualifiers to determine which teams will advance so we see qualifier and we see qualification phase so we see qualifier qualification phase qualifying round a qualifier is a type of match so it’s like the match before a tournament before a contest so players or teams who want to compete in a tournament who want to participate in a tournament
First, join a qualifier so a qualifier if you pass the qualifier it means you are qualified you meet the requirements to continue on to the main tournament so a qualifying match or a qualifying round you might hear these words use we also see a qualification phase as well so all of these refer to the time before the main tournament when people are competing to join the actual tournament the main tournament even then at the end of this sentence here we see advance the verb advance so teams play in qualifiers to determine which teams will advance
So here we see will being used so first they play in a qualifier and this is done in order to determine which we’ll talk about a little more later to determine to find out to figure out which teams will advance to advance means to move forward so to move forward to the next round, in this case, the next round of competition then we see again the 32 teams which pass the qualifying rounds so pass again means they win their match in other words so they are the best in their match those teams play in the main tournament called the world cup finals
So the world cup finals is these 32 main teams those teams which pass the qualifying rounds okay continuing on as the tournament progresses so progresses be careful progress and progress used as nouns and verbs have different emphasis progress as a noun takes to progress the emphasis is on the first syllable so progress here however it’s used as a verb as the tournament progresses so as the tournament continues, in other words, fewer and fewer teams remain to be careful we’re using fewer and fewer because teams are a countable noun so fewer and fewer is the correct word not less and less okay so from the original32 teams 16 teams advance so this means from the original 32 teams in the first round of the World Cup finals
16 teams advance again advance means to move forward they move forward to the next round from that so here that refers to the previous sentences 16 teams so from that from those 16 teams a final 8 is determined a final eight final H refers to final eight teams a final 8 is determined then the final 8 play in the quarterfinals and determine teams for semi-finals so here’s a hint I’ve included last four teams here semi-finals means the last four teams semi-finals is the round right before just before the final match so that means four teams play in the semi-final round the round before the semi-final round is the quarterfinal round in the quarter-final round the final eight teams play so in the order it’s quarter-final semi-final in the final match two teams play ok the final round of the tournament determines the champion so champion means the winner of the contest the winning player in an individual sport or the winning team ina teams sport like soccer or football
Ok let’s move on to the last page of ourtext so for the purposes of vocabulary let’s look at some obvious things soduring the tournament players aim so meaning players try to players aim to score goals so to score a goal means the ball goes into the goal the ball goesinto the net please be careful to score a goal is different from to shoot so toshoot means to try to score a goal so you try to kick theball into the goal to score means you successfully kick the ball into the goalso be careful shoot is attempt is try score means successfully make a goal so during the tournament players aim to score goals but not every game ends witha clear win so a clear win means we can’t easily see who is the winner sowhat does this mean it means a tie game or a draw may resultso here result is used as a verb as well that means this may happen in otherwords so a tie game or a draw these both mean when a game ends in the same scorefor both teams so for example Team a gets two points team B gets two pointsthat’s a tie game or a draw you might not hear draw used for game you mightnot hear a draw game but you will hear a tie game or just a tie you will alsohear a draw but draw a game is not as common at least in American English
okay finally penalties like red cards and yellow cards help determine which team moves forward or advances in these cases so in these cases refers back to tie games or a draw so these cases this refers to the previous sentence in this sentence we have a keyword though penalties are careful of your pronunciation, not a penalty penalty penalty the emphasis is on the first syllable so penalties like red cards and yellow cards help determine or help us find out help us figure out which team moves forward which sorry which team advances in these cases so if there’s a tie, in other words, we look at the number of penalties from each team and decide which team moves forward from there there are a lot of other complex rules too so to finish so here’s a list of the keywords that were your discussed in this lesson
so we have words for talking about sporting events like tournaments competitions we have the words to talk about the different levels in final games we have some nouns to talk about goals scoring goals or trying to score a goal talking about how to move forward in competition as well and just some other words like tie and draw and penalty that we can use to talk about other sports as well so here is our keyword list for this lesson okay so to end today according to FIFA the World Cup is the most widely followed and widely watched sporting event in the world
so widely followed or widely watched means the most people watch it or the highest number of people watch something them the largest number of people watch or follow to follow a sporting event means you check the scores it doesn’t mean you physically follow it somewhere it means you check the scores you check the news related to that sporting event so FIFA says that the World Cup is the most widely followed and or most widely watched sporting event even more popular than the Olympic Games quite interesting so I hope that you found a few new vocabulary words and got some grammar points that you can use to talk about this topic if you are a soccer fan of course and there are some other things that you want to know how to say please let us know in a comment
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